Watercolors are one the most dynamic mediums there is. It is beautiful and the dynamism it has creates for beautiful and expressive artwork. There are many different techniques that involve watercolors and each technique has a beauty of its own. Before you go further, I suggest you read Watercolors-Tools,Tips and Tricks-Part 1 where I explain about the different materials that are used in watercolors.
This post shall involve some basic techniques used in watercolors. Alrighty so beforeI go on blabbering, let me jump straight to the point.
When the color is laid uniformly from top to bottom, it’s called solid wash. There should be ample amount of color in the brush at all times for the wash to be uniform all throughout. These can be used to do solid patterns, single color skies etc. I used a flat brush to do this kind of technique so as to have a firmer grip. Any round brush also can be used in this technique.
Graded wash technique starts off dark at the top and moves to the bottom becoming lighter. This is done by laying down a thick wash of color on top and then on moving to the bottom, water is taken in the brush until the lightest color is achieved. The color is thinned only by using clear water.In cases when required, this technique can be done sideways as well. These is used for backgrounds in landscapes and where light falls creating gradients in color.
Wet On Wet Technique
The wet in wet technique involves loading the paper with water and then putting in dabs of color and letting it move freely. It can be used to create soft backgrounds. The thing to keep in mind while doing the wet in wet technique is to make sure the pigments are bright enough because when the colors dry, they lighten.
Wet On Dry Technique
Wet on dry simply means wet paint applied on paint which is dry. Begin by waiting the initial paint laid down to dry and then start by painting over it with brush which has fresh new paint. This is especially effective in doing detailed artwork that needs emphasis. Unlike wet on wet, we can have more control on the on the way the paint moves and hence can be used for detailed works.
Well that’s all folks! I hope these basic techniques are easily understandable and will be of benefit. More to come in the forthcoming blog posts. Stay tuned !